Our new series of blogs about bowing technique features pieces of music to help you (or your students!) develop different types of bow strokes. Remember to check that you have a good, relaxed bow hold with a bent thumb and flexible fingers.
This week’s post introduces the Détaché stroke.
The Détaché stroke is the most common type of bow stroke. It’s called détaché because the notes are detached or separated from each other by the change of bow.
Violinists/Violists: To play détaché in the upper half (UH) of the bow, think of a flowing ‘out and in’ stroke, moving the lower arm from the elbow joint. Ensure that you have a good point of contact with the bow on the string.
Use these questions and tasks to prepare and get ready to play the piece:
- What does andante mean?
- What key is this piece in?
- What finger pattern should you be using?
- Violinists: Put your bow on to the D string at the middle. Do your bow, violin, upper and lower arm form a square shape?
- Violists: Put your bow on to the G string at the middle. Do your bow, viola, upper and lower arm form a square shape?
- Cellists: Rest your bow on the D string about one third of the way along. Is your bow at right angles to the string?
How Did It Go?
Use these questions and tasks to review what you just did, and think about how you could make it better!
- Which are the hardest bars and why?
- What happened to your elbows when you changed string?
- Violinists/Violists: Which part of the arm did you use when playing in the UH?
- All: Try playing detache in the lower half (LH) of the bow. How is it different?
Now try these tasks to build on what you’ve just learned…
- Learn Climbing the Scale from memory.
- Try starting with an UP bow.
- Violinists/Cellists: Try playing it starting on the G string.
- Try doubling the notes to semiquavers (shorten the bow stroke).
- Play at the middle of the bow. Keep your wrist free and flexible!
This series is based on Bow Strokes for Violin, Bow Strokes for Viola, and Bow Strokes for Cello by Caroline Lumsden and Anita Hewitt Jones. Piano accompaniments for all pieces are available in the printed versions!